Humanitarian Programmes and projects
SRSP’s Humanitarian Partnership Management
Following completion of massive task of reconstruction and rehabilitation in earthquake (2005) affected areas, SRSP has been involved in oversight and management of more than 70 diversified humanitarian aid, rehabilitation and long-term development projects/programmes worth approx. PKR. 8 billion supported by UN Agencies, INGOs, Government and other philanthropists. To deliver these projects effectively and efficiently, SRSP’s humanitarian wing devised a strong coordination mechanism with key stakeholders. The programmes at present have its presence in Khyber, South Waziristan, North Waziristan, Mohmand, Bajaur, Kurram and Orakzai. Prominent donors- EU, KfW, UNDP, UNICEF, WFP and PATRIP etc. have extended partnerships into rehabilitation and development initiatives in newly merged tribal districts.
Crisis in KP-erstwhile FATA and Humanitarian Response
Nearly 452,000 families abandoned their homes, lands and livelihoods due to multiple crises in newly merged tribal districts. These families took refuge in either designated camps or nearby settled districts with host families. When situation improved, facilitation process of voluntary return of affected families to their respective tribal district started which was supported by government line agencies, national and international partners especially UN agencies (UNHCR). SRSP partnered UNHCR in one of the largest repatriation missions. SRSP supported UNHCR in voluntary return of 435,000 out of 452,000 (96%) temporary displaced families. At present, there are only 16,781 families (4% of the total displaced) are still residing in KP and elsewhere. The details are provided in figure below; As per UNHCR and FDMA statistics (Jan 2018), a total 471,126 families or 3 million population had displaced from newly merged tribal districts during crisis period 2007-14. Against the total displacement, 442,067 (94%) TDPs families have returned voluntarily. Some of the major figures related to displacement vs. return are presented here; .
Some of the current/ongoing projects in newly merged tribal districts are presented below;
Pakistan Afghanistan Tajikistan Regional Integration Project (PATRIP)
PATRIP foundation has been supporting SRSP in multiple projects specifically in border districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and tribal districts. SRSP values this partnership as PATRIP foundation has been supporting poorest communities in most isolated, far flung and resource poor areas e.g. Arandu, district Chitral or border areas in tribal district Kurram. With financial outlay of EUR 6.6 million, these projects will boost local economy, connect communities, improve health and education and support livelihoods. Details of projects supported by PATRIP foundation are presented below;
Arandu Business Centre (PAK-SRSP-CHI-014)
SRSP in partnership with PATRIP Foundation is implementing “Construction of Business Centre” project in Arandu, District Chitral. The duration of the project is 36 months (Jan 2017 to Dec 2019) and would benefit 10,000 beneficiaries. The project has been physically launched and so far, 75% of the construction work has been completed. It has also formed one Market Management Committee comprising 19 local community members. These members have been trained on operation and maintenance of this business center. The market would be handed over to the market committee once it is completed. A total of 80 locals, under the project, have also been trained in various technical skill training (including 20 women) along with distribution of tool kits such as electrician, plumbing, wood carving and sewing/tailoring (women) to improve their income generation capabilities.
Connecting road to Arandu Gol (PAK-SRSP-CHI-015)
SRSP in partnership with PATRIP Foundation is implementing a project “Construction of Connecting Road to Arandu Gol” in Arandu Valley, District Chitral. A total of 16 km road construction has already been completed benefitting 30,000 community members in Arandu Valley. The total duration of the project is 36 months (Jan 2017 to Dec 2019). The project has formed a total of 15 community organizations with a total membership of 271 members. Selected community members have been trained in managerial skills and operation and maintenance. Due to exchange gain rate and involvement of local communities resulting in an enhanced efficiency, the project has been able to save precious resources which have been invested in undertaking multiple initiatives prioritized by local communities.
Improvement in government schools (PAK-SRSP-CHI-016)
SRSP with the support of PATRIP Foundation is implementing a project titled “Improving Education Services in Government Schools” in Arandu, District Chitral. Under the project a total of 16 schools have been identified and selected for improvement. Improvement work on 8 schools has already been completed, while remaining 8 are ongoing. Completed schools have already been handed over to government education department. The project started in Jan 2017 and is likely to conclude in December 2019. The project facilitated capacity building of 16 Parent Teachers Councils (PTCs) benefitting 128 PTCs members. Based on the savings due to exchange rate gain, the already selected 5 schools have been further upgraded and improved.
Renovation and expansion of health facilities (PAK-SRSP-KUA-001)
SRSP with the financial assistance of PATRIP is implementing a project “Renovation and Expansion of Health facilities” in tribal district Kurram. This 3 years project (Jan 2017-Dec 2019) has facilitated in renovation of 6 Basic Health Units (BHUs) in target area. All six BHUs were completed and handed over to health department. In addition, the project undertook Health and Hygiene trainings along-with hygiene kits distribution for 200 women and men. Based on the need and resources available with the project, 5 existing BHUs were augmented with residential blocks for female and male medical staff, while one BHU in Lower Kurram has been selected for both expansion and renovation alongwith provision of furniture and equipment.
Renovation and expansion of a Primary school at Spina Shaga (PAK-SRSP-KUA-002)
SRSP with the financial assistance of PATRIP has already completed a project “Renovation and Expansion of a School in Spina Shaga in border areas of tribal district Kurram in September 2018. The renovation included 2 additional class rooms, washrooms, improvement in existing rooms, and a boundary wall. The resources with the project allowed undertaking few additional activities such as 1 water supply system, 1 solar system for school, PCC construction of students’ assembly area and ground leveling of the school. The school has already been handed over to education department for further operation and maintenance.
SRSP with the support of PATRIP Foundation is implementing the project “Expansion of the Sports Stadium in Parachinar City” in tribal district of Kurram. The project started in December 2017 and will conclude in June 2021. So far, the working NoC for implementation of the project has been acquired from the DoP office, FATA Secretariat. SRSP field office has also been able to sign an MOU with the Tribal District Office, Kurram for undertaking activities in target area. The construction work has recently been initiated at the field level following completion of procurement process.
SRSP in partnership with PATRIP Foundation is implementing a project “Establishment of a Communal Market” in Tribal district Bajaur. During its 3 years of implementation (Dec 2017-Dec 2020), the project aimed to develop a communal market to facilitate flourishing local businesses So far, 85% of the work is completed. A total of 60 community members will also be trained under various skill training under the project.
SRSP has signed an agreement with PATRIP Foundation for a 2 year project (Jan 2019-Dec 2020) to construct 6 km road at Nagar-Ursoon villages at Asheret UC in district Chitral. The designs and BoQs have been prepared, procurement process initiated and ground work on the project is expected to be initiated in January 2020.
SRSP has also inked another agreement with PATRIP Foundation to construct two suspension bridges at Patai and Ursoon in District Chitral. The duration of project is two years i.e. from January 2019 to December 2020. Presently the designs and BoQs of two suspension bridges are in progress and it is expected that the procurement process will be launched in January 2020.
WFP and SRSP are in active partnership in erstwhile FATA since 2015, providing food and cash-based assistance to the recently returned Temporary Displaced Person. The project aims at restoration of livelihood and an improvement of local infrastructure which may have been dilapidated due to social unrest and years of displacement in newly merged districts of Khyber, Orakzai, North and South Waziristan. The project specifically focuses on returnees who cannot receive food/cash or whose food cycle has completed with WFP mainly in areas of return that are proclaimed free for intervention. In partnership with SRSP, WFP carried out food distribution for returnees, asset creation for crisis-affected communities, and food and nutrition assistance for people at risk of malnutrition. Overall, the project, has benefitted 259,000 beneficiaries in mentioned merged districts through improved facilities and livelihood sources. All intervention under the project are carried out through cash/food for assets approach with an active involvement of local beneficiaries.
The project involves RSPs Social Mobilization Approach which entails an active involvement of local communities in prioritizing their needs and implementation of designed interventions. So far WFP-SRSP has injected PKR 1.7 billion to nearly one hundred thousand beneficiaries (single count). In addition, approximately 2,800 metric tons of food has also been distributed to 125,000 beneficiaries (single count). The project ensured inclusion of vulnerable population (nearly 4,000 beneficiaries) through unconditional cash/food assistance.
The infrastructural component of the project focuses mainly in revival of irrigation channels. So far 6,811 infrastructure schemes have been completed comprising 3,105 irrigation channels (6,825 kms in length). Other schemes comprised rehabilitation of street, drains, damage houses, link roads, walking tracks, bridle paths, and protection walls. It is worth mentioning that the project did not provide any material for rehabilitation of these schemes rather it relied on local manpower, which essentially contributed in developing local ownership for long-term sustainability. Under the project, local beneficiaries/areas were also encouraged for proper disposal of solid waste, while women beneficiaries were engaged in kitchen gardening practices. The project has also raised awareness regarding different approaches of disaster risk reduction, besides developing capacities of local population in various skills. Over 1,100 capacity building events were organized benefiting nearly 30,000 participants. A major portion of these capacity building events (630 benefitting 17,000 participants) focused on agriculture revival in targeted merged districts.
Due to dynamic nature of recently winded TDPs crisis in Merged Districts, WASH interventions remained priority in areas of return. WASH services are basic pre-requisites for good health resulting in reducing vulnerability of all segments of population. SRSP in collaboration with UNICEF has been active in providing WASH facilities/services in Tribal Districts benefiting over 700,000 individuals mainly women and girls besides developing capacities of government line agencies and community members in WASH/PATS/CLTS. SRSP has one active partnership in tribal districts of Khyber and North Waziristan, while another was concluded recently. Details and achievement of both these projects are mentioned below;
Under this project, a total of 181 villages in tribal districts of Khyber and North Waziristan have been selected for extensive coverage of target population with regards to WASH/PATS and CLTS. At an initial level, project staff and government line agencies were extensively trained on aspects related to WASH, PATS and CLTS. These staff members then develop capacities at local level to optimize results and maximize impact of activities undertaken. Some of the notable achievements under the project are elaborated below;
- Capacities of Village WASH Committees/CRPs (663 in nos.) enhanced on PATS approach and Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS).
- Technical Training for 358 masons on low cost Sanitation construction conducted.
- Enterprise development training conducted for 45 promising entrepreneurs.
- Subsidy for low cost latrines extended to 5,255 community members.
- 262 water sources validated for water quality mapping in target villages.
- Constitution of 75 WASH/DRR Clubs in government schools.
- 371 campaigns/events conducted to raise awareness at local level and in schools.
- Soap distribution to 10,000 community members encouraging hand washing practices.
SRSP in partnership with UNICEF initiated a WASH project in areas of return (Tehsil Miran Shah-Tribal District North Waziristan) aiming to benefit 40,000 community members (mostly women and children). This project focused inclusion of Pakistan Approach for Total Sanitation (PATS) aiming towards achieving and sustaining an Open Defecation Free (ODF) environment with clear emphasis towards behavior change and social mobilization. The project concluded in December 2018 enhancing access of locals to improved WASH facilities and enhanced knowledge and awareness. Some of the key achievements comprised;
- Formation of 80 Village Sanitation Committees.
- Provision of sanitation kits and construction of latrines (400 in Nos.).
- 13 Special Events on WASH and Cleanliness conducted.
- 60 Teachers trained/formation of WASH clubs in target areas.
- Provision of WASH services (twin latrines, wash stations, DWSS) in 12 schools/BHUs
- Rehabilitation/Construction of 10 Community based DWSS.
- Construction of Latrines for People with Disability in target areas.